Work Packages

The project objectives will be accomplished by a coherent set of the following complementary actions – WORK PACKAGES (WP):




WP 1 Increasing of the research capacity through twinning with the leading centres


Twinning between the CMCM research groups and EU partner institutions will be based on a close co-operation within defined scientific topics.


Task 1.1 Twinning with the Martin Luther University, Germany (MLU) - Prof. Holm Altenbach

Topic: Modelling of thermomechanical behaviour of composites:

  1. effective thermal properties for polymeric and metallic foams
  2. FGM materials – thermal barrier coating (TBC)
  3. sandwich honeycomb plates

Functionally graded materials become very popular for practical engineering applications. The basic problem in the constitutive modelling of this type of material is estimation of the mechanical and thermal properties. It is difficult task, particularly in the case of foam materials, e.g. polymer or metallic ones (1st scientific goal). There are two different types of composites with different internal structure, physical and micromechanical properties. However, it is necessary to formulate macroscopic constitutive relations with multi-scale approach in order to propose industrial partners convenient tool for applications in structure design. The 2nd scientific goal of this task concerns layered composite materials (TBC) - very popular as thin layers protecting  aircraft engine components against the thermal shock (e.g. turbine blades). Creation of the new materials for coatings requires formulation of the new constitutive model, including different aspects in the analysis: physical and structural ones. For aerospace industrial application the basic problem is to get relatively simple TBC model, which is based on the data obtained from laboratory observations. This will be possible thanks to new equipment purchased within this project. The expertise of  Prof. H. Altenbach is required to strengthen the Centre’s area of competence.


Expert (consultant):

Prof. Bhushan Karihaloo, Cardiff University, UK - is an internationally recognised expert in the field of modelling of different types of composite materials.


Task 1.2 Twinning with the Aalborg University, Denmark (AU) – Prof. Ryszard Pyrz


Topic: Structural characterisation of polymer matrix composites

Structural characterisation of the composites plays the basic role for understanding of the material properties and for modelling of its behaviour with application of multi-scale methods. The CMCM staff has expertise in creation of new technology of composites manufacture (using modern autoclave for technological processes) and non-destructive testing of multilayer composites:

  • polymer – ceramic fibres composites  and FML laminates with and without active elements (piezofibres) before and after fatigue test – in  particular: connection metal sheet-composite in laminate, the internal structure of composite (pores, delamination, microcracks etc)
  • ceramic-metal type composites - description of interlayer bonding, porosity estimation and discontinuities detection
  • ceramic thin layers of titanium and titanium alloys

The aim of the current study within the CEMCAST is elaboration of a new technology for production of the novel composites applied in helicopters or light plane structures for Polish Aviation Works S.A. Świdnik.

The micro-tomography method is essential for assessment of the quality of composite materials after technological process. Prof. R. Pyrz is a world expert in modelling and testing of new polymer matrix composite materials. His laboratory is equipped with new testing stands, where LUT staff will get the expertise in non-destructive testing and in using the micro-tomography method to create novel solutions in technology of composite materials. 


Industrial partner:

Polish Aviation Works S.A. (PAW) Świdnik ; fruitful co-operation from 1986


Task 1.3 Twinning with the University of Glasgow, UK (UG) – Prof. Matthew Cartmell


Topic:  Nonlinear dynamics and vibrations of composite structures with active elements

The research concerns the dynamics of composite structures with embedded Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) or/and piezoelectric (PZT) elements. This kind of system together with a proper added control technique allows for the design of intelligent composites, capable of adaptation to various dynamical conditions. The proposed new solutions can be implemented for various mechanical or airspace applications. Prof. M. Cartmell is an expert in the field of nonlinear dynamics, vibrations theory, and the modelling and application of SMA and PZT to mechanical systems. Cooperation with Prof. M. Cartmell increases the capacity of the Centre in undertaking theoretical and experimental investigations of structures with active elements.


Task 1.4 Twinning with University of Aberdeen, UK (UA) – Prof. Marian Wiercigroch

Topic: Experimental and numerical analysis of structures with geometrical and material nonlinearities.

The research concerns investigations of nonlinear phenomena of systems under large deformations and systems with discontinuities. A special attention is paid to modelling of nonlinear normal modes of risers, activated during fluid flow, application of the pendulum based systems e.g. for energy extraction from the see waves, dynamics of impact oscillators used for increase of effectiveness of chosen machining processes. Dynamics of cutting process of composite materials or other modern, so called, almost unworkable materials are included in this research. Nonlinear signal analysis which allows for the model state space reconstruction and proper description of the process will be included as well. The dynamics group from Aberdeen University, leaded by Prof. M.Wiercigroch will strengthen knowledge and increase the Centre capacities in the theoretical and experimental analysis of the mentioned above research.


Task 1.5 Twinning with the University Roma “Sapienza”, Italy (URS) – Prof. Giuseppe Rega


Topic: Modelling and nonlinear vibrations of flexible and composite structures

The research concerns modelling and vibrations of nonlinear flexible structures like cables, beams and plates under parametric, external or self- excitations. Transition from regular to chaotic oscillations and bifurcations points will be investigated. To avoid or minimise unwanted behaviour and increase system integrity, the problem of parameters will be optimised. The research concerns also composite structures, including micro-cracked  materials via a multi-scale/multi-field approach, laminated plates, mechanical devices with pseudoelastic behaviour (SMA), systems with periodic properties. This research is important in many practical applications like electrical cables excited by wind, riser vibrations in offshore industry, composites in civil engineering or aircraft dynamics, e.g. helicopter blades. Cooperation with Prof. G. Rega will essentially strengthen the Centre’s investigations in the field of modelling and dynamics of nonlinear flexible and composite structures.


Task 1.6 Twinning with the Polytechnic University Marche, Italy (PUM) – Prof. Grzegorz Litak (LUT)/ Prof. Stefano Lenci (PUM)


Topic: Modelling of intelligent composite materials and mechanical systems with application of nonlinear dynamics

The systems with memory are now the rapidly developing field because of easy applications in the control procedure. Such systems are characterized by hysteretic loops which is of the great interest of the CMCM staff. The activity includes analytic consideration, simulations and modeling of systems with memory. The research will be applied to composite materials and those active materials which can be controlled by an external magnetic field and/or electric currents. The activity will include modelling and simulations of systems with memory and  a stochastic component. It is planned to examine the bifurcations and apply new methods of dynamical systems identification as 0-1 test. The analytic treatment of higher dimension systems will include the Melnikov treatment and the multiscale analysis. 

The knowledge from Prof. S.Lenci, who is the international expert in the field of nonlinear dynamics: from basic nonlinear phenomena (local bifurcations, nonlinear external and/or internal resonances, etc.) to complex phenomena (global bifurcations, chaos, escape, dynamical integrity, etc.), is necessary to enlarge the CMCM area of competence in order to be able to model  intelligent composites behaviour.  


Expert (consultant):

Prof. Guenter Radons Institute of Physics, Technische Universiteat-Chemnitz, (TUC),

Chemnitz, Germany


Task 1.7 Twinning with the University of Stuttgart, Germany (US) – Prof. Siegfried Schmauder


Topic: Multiscale modelling and experimental analysis of ceramic matrix composites (CMC)

The ceramic matrix composite materials are widely used for structural elements in high temperature applications. The CMCM staff has long experience in modelling of the polycrystalline ceramics by application of multi-scale approach and homogenization method over the representative volume element. Such approach was used for modelling of porous ceramics under mechanical loading (reported at conferences as invited lectures, and in many papers published in high quality international journals). The aim of this twinning will be extension of the Centre’s capacities to modelling of CMC by homogenization technique used by prof. S. Schmauder’s group. Prof. Schmauder is a world leader in application of numerical approach in description of composite microstructures mechanics, starting from atomistic scale. His simulations of modern materials behaviour at nano-level where applied to different newly created materials subjected to mechanical and thermal loading.  His laboratory in Stuttgart is well equipped and allows for testing of highly brittle materials as CMC. 

The scientific goal will be elaboration of a new experimental technique for estimation of mechanical properties of the selected ceramic matrix composites. The CMCM staff  will gain knowledge concerning newest approaches of homogenization technique for modelling of composite materials.


Expert (consultant):

Prof. René de Borst, Eindhoven University of Technology (EUT), Eindhoven, The Netherlands;

fruitful co-operation from 2003 comprising: organisation of a course on modelling of composite materials in CISM (Udine, Italy)-2004, organisation of the IUTAM Symposium on “Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials” (Kazimierz Dolny, Poland)-2005, participation in the project MTKD-CT-2004-014058, common book published by Springer “Lecture Notes on Composite Materials. Current Topics and Achievements”, (2008), ISBN 978-1-4020-8771-4.


Task 1.8 Twinning with the National Technical University of Athens, Greece (NTUA) – Prof. George Papadopoulos


Topic: Testing of polymer matrix composites. Multiscale modelling of damage and fracture processes

Polymer matrix materials are widely used in different parts of helicopters manufactured in Polish Aviation Works S.A (PAW). The most important from practical point of view is description of damage and fracture processes under different states of mechanical (quasistatic, dynamic, cyclic) and thermal loading. The proper selection of evolution equations for damage growth is crucial for engineers designing of structural elements made of composites. At microscale level one can distinguish several different damage processes due to: matrix cracking, delamination, fibres breakage etc. Experimental investigations of different damage mechanisms in polymer matrix composites are the main research activities of Prof. G. Papadopoulos, well known in the international fracture mechanics community. His achievements in application of caustic method in experimental dynamic process of cracks propagation were described in monograph “Fracture Mechanics” published by Springer. By twinning, the CMCM staff will gain the knowledge concerning application of the caustic method. Prof. G. Papadopoulos will consult the building of a new experimental stand for investigation of quasi-static and dynamic crack propagation in advanced composite materials.


Expert (consultant):

Prof. George Papanicolaou, University of Patras, (UP), Patras, Greece, is an expert in:

micromechanical modelling of interfaces and interphases, prediction of viscoelastic behaviour of polymers and composites, prediction of damage in different aggressive environments. He is

organiser of well known cyclic conference: “The International Conference on Structural Analysis of Advanced Materials”


Task 1.9 Twinning with the University of Porto, Portugal, (UPP) – Prof. Pedro Ribeiro


Topic: Modelling and experimental testing of structures made of modern composite materials

The research concerns modelling and experimental testing of modern composite materials under static and dynamic loads. Panels in advanced materials applicable in airspace engineering, as tow placed variable stiffness laminates and functionally graded material (metal/ceramic), are considered in particular. Dynamics of composite blades, with application to wind turbines, crack propagation and delamination in dynamics of composites with geometrical nonlinearities are also of interest. Prof. Pedro Ribeiro is an expert in modelling of dynamics of laminated panels and in nonlinear structural dynamics; additionally he has experience on thermoelastic and elasto-plastic vibrations. The team of UPP has strong expertise on delamination modelling and experimental analyses. Cooperation with Prof. P. Ribeiro essentially increases capacities of the Centre in the modelling of composite materials properties, damage and nonlinear vibrations.


Task 1.10 Twinning with the Politehnica University of Timisoara, Romania (PUT) – Prof. Liviu Marsavina (PUT) 


Topic: Numerical and mathematical modelling of cracks propagation in composite materials, including pavements (layered composites).


Experimental verification.

The CMCM staff has experience in description of damage and fracture processes in brittle materials, like: polycrystalline ceramics or layered composites. Damage of polycrystalline materials and layered composites (pavements) was modelled at meso-scale level and treated as a process of set of micro-cracks growth due to different types of reasons (loading, aggressive corrosion, environmental effects etc.). Up till now the processes of cracks propagation where investigated for mechanical loading, quasi-static case. However, when the stress concentration at the tip of the crack overcomes critical value - a material resistance to crack propagation - the considered crack becomes instable. Cracks can accelerate and then dynamic growth takes place. The description of dynamic cracks propagation can be done by numerical or mathematical modelling. In the numerical approach Prof. L. Marsavina from Politehnica University of Timisoara, Romania has expertise in determination of fracture parameters at different scales (micro-, meso- and macro) also simulation of crack propagation based on Finite Element Method (COSMOS/M, FRANC2D, FRANC3D) and Boundary Element Method (BEASY software). Prof. Marsavina has also expertise in experimental determination of fracture toughness. Purchasing of high speed ARAMIS system will allow for monitoring of the fast cracks propagation process. This is very important in aerospace applications, when cracks propagate in structural element under dynamic or cyclic loading. A precise estimation of critical conditions for unstable crack propagation is of crucial importance for security of airplane passengers and leads to prolongation of the aircraft period of use.


Expert (consultant):

Prof. Eduard Craciun; Ovidius University of Constanta (OUC), Constanta, Romania - will be an expert-consultant in application of mathematics for solution of engineering problems.


Task 1.11 Twinning with the University of Rousse, Bulgaria (UR) –Prof. Ivelin Ivanov


Topic: Impact loading response of modern composite materials applied in aerospace and surface transportation

Impact loading is a very important case for estimation of composite materials response used for aerospace and pavements. Up to now the CMCM research group has not deep expertise in this field. Research towards modelling of the behaviour of the anisotropic elasto-plastic materials subjected to time dependent loading, including dynamic effects has been done. However, estimation of damage state after low impact loading has not been investigated precisely so far. Purchase of the system for dynamic loading – within this project - will enlarge experimental capacity of the CMCM.  Impact resistance is one of the most important properties for a designer to incorporate and one of the most difficult to quantify. Airplanes should be safe and therefore particularly wing panels should be tested as for incipient damage and internal yield points that occurs during impact event.

The theoretical description of the composites behaviour under impact involves implementation of computer programming and impact computer simulation with application of the Finite Element Method (FEM) software for impact simulation as Dyna3D and LS-Dyna. Modelling of woven composites behaviour under low velocity impact requires additional knowledge concerning definition of progressive failure of the material with internal damage development and complicated viscoelastic or viscoplastic composite response. Prof. I. Ivanov has lengthy expertise in the modelling of impact behaviour of composites with application of FEM software (his Ph.D. thesis was done at the University of Cincinnati, USA). Twinning with his group will allow staff members of the CMCM to get extensive training in numerical modelling of impact response of modern composite materials.


Expert (consultant):

Prof. Giulio Maier (Rector of International Centre for Mechanical Sciences - CISM, Udine), Politechnico di Milano, Milano, Italy.



WP 2 Expanding of the scientific expertise by recruitment of experienced researchers


To increase research capacity at the CMCM, 5  experienced researchers selected through an open international competition will be employed for 2 years each.


Experienced researchers will extend the area of competence of the Centre and will help to create an international working environment for the Centre researchers. The CMCM staff will profit from the skills and knowledge of the experienced researchers by getting familiar with new approaches to scientific problems and techniques previously unknown to them. The CMCM will benefit from the visits by enhancing the research potential of its staff. Recruited postdoctoral scientists will perform the following tasks:


Task 2.1. Thermal shock modelling in modern composite materials. Damage and fracture process in functionally graded materials  Vera Petrova (Russia) 


Thermal Barriers Coatings are very popular as thin layers protecting of aircraft engine components against the thermal shock (e.g. turbine blades). Creation of the new materials for coatings requires formulation of the new constitutive numerical model, including different aspects in the analysis: physical including internal damage and structural ones. For aerospace industrial application the basic problem is to get relatively simple TBC model, which is based on the data obtained from laboratory observations. The functionally graded materials (FGM) are important for modern application in the aerospace. The requested expertise concerns numerical modelling by Finite Element Method (FEM) of damage and fracture processes in different types of FGM. Skills with ABAQUS code or analytical modelling is necessary. Writing own FEM programs in FORTRAN and C codes are required.


Task 2.2.   Layered composite plates and shells subjected to thermal and mechanical    loading - recruited researcher: Assoc. Prof. Mircea Birsan (Romania)

The required knowledge concerns the theoretical modelling of the layered plates and shells made of new advanced materials, including metallic foams or cellular materials. These kinds of problems have multiples applications in the aircraft industry and pavements design, where the influence of the temperature field is very important. The aim of the research is to formulate efficient and relatively simple theory for engineering applications. The important aspect is applicability of the formulated theory to description of initiation and propagation of damage or fatigue processes in the plates and shells.


Task 2.3. Modelling and experimental investigations of damage and fracture process in the sandwich structures under mechanical loading – cyclic and impact - recruited researcher: Assoc. Prof. Vyacheslav Burlayenko (Ukraine)

The response of sandwich structures under dynamic and impact loading are important for application in the aerospace.  The necessary expertise covers the use of advanced FEM technique in theoretical modelling with the help of the ABAQUS, LS-Dyna, Nastran-Patran codes.  Skills in preparation of own FEM programs in FORTRAN and C codes are required. The knowledge concerning different experimental techniques for estimation of the sandwich structure response are also requested.


Task 2.4. Nonlinear dynamic and control of flexible structures with active elements – recruited researcher: Dr. Fotios Georgiades (Greece)

It is desirable to employ an expert with special expertise on nonlinear dynamic and control of mechanical structures made of new composite materials which can be used in practical mechanical application e.g. helicopters or airplanes. The expert should have and experience with intelligent structures having piezoelectric components (PZT), Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) or Magnetic Shape Memory (MSM).    


Task 2.5.  FEM Modelling, optimisation and experimental investigations of flexible structures with active elements - recruited researcher: Assoc. Prof. Emil Manoach (Bulgaria) 

A specialised expertise on this topic from a recruited researcher will increase capacity of the CMCM on FEM modelling and experimental investigations of the composite materials with embedded active elements. The elaborated models should also have possibility for prediction such phenomena like delamination or destruction of the structure.



WP 3 Organisation of scientific events


Organisation of the following scientific events such as: workshops and mini-symposia related to the project topics will be performed. The events will aim at presentation of scientific achievements of the CMCM staff and all twinning partners and recruited researchers. It is planned to invite selected experts from different countries and representatives of the regional industry for exchange of knowledge. The following scientific events are planned: 


Task 3.1  CISM (International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Udine, Italy) course on “Modelling and testing of functionally graded materials” (2011), organiser Prof. T.Sadowski

Task 3.2  IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics for Advanced Technologies and Engineering Design (NDATED), Symposium will be organised by the project partners, Chairman: Prof. M.Wiercigroch, Co-Chairman: Prof. G. Rega, Aberdeen, July 27 - 30, 2010, Prof. J. Warminski’s group will present research results obtained in the first year of implementation of the project

Task 3.3  Mini-symposium on “Computational Mechanics of Non-linear Composite Materials and Structures” at 7th European Nonlinear Oscillations Conference (ENOC 2011), Rome, Italy, August 28 - September 3, 2011; mini-symposium organizer: Prof. J. Warminski

Task 3.4  Mini-symposium on “Nonlinear Oscillations and Control of Structures Made of Modern Materials” (RANM’2012) at the conference “Recent Advances in Nonlinear Mechanics” (RANM 20012); mini-symposium organiser: Prof. J. Warminski (member of the Scientific Committee)

Task 3.5 Workshop on: “Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Advanced Composite Materials”, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 2012, proceedings in: Key Engineering Materials (ISI Master List of Journals) organiser: prof. T.Sadowski

Task 3.6  Workshop on: “Nonlinear Dynamical Phenomena in Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering”, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 2011, organiser: Prof. J. Warminski

Task 3.7  Workshop on: "Higher Dimensional Structures and Materials with Hysteresis", Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 2012, organiser: Prof. G. Litak



WP 4 Participation of CMCM staff in international events (conferences)



It is planned to support participation of the CMCM staff and recruited researchers in 10 conferences per year. Participation in the most important scientific events in the world will promote achievements obtained within CEMCAST project and create possibilities to find new partners for future co-operation and preparation of the FP7 project.



WP 5 Upgrading research equipment



The following items are planned to buy:


For the Laboratory of Non-destructive Testing:


     1.  Extension of the existing 3-D Image Correlation System ARAMIS for high speed measurements of shape and displacements due to different types of loading. Up till now the CMCM has the standard ARAMIS system for monitoring changes of deformations and shapes under static or quasi-static observations of the composite material samples or structural elements (parts of aircrafts).  However, aircraft elements work in dynamic loading (cyclic or impact) with very quick changes of deformation due to variation of mechanical or thermal loading and therefore development of the ARAMIS will create new opportunity for testing.          

      2.  Thermovision infrared camera – is a complete solution for inspection of components for cracks and other defects for a great variety of materials (metal, ceramics, composites) and structural elements like turbine blades (surface cracks and micro-cracks in the depth of the blade). It allows for non-destructive testing of aircrafts structures for defects like delamination, loose rivets, cracks or water inclusions. The CMCM do not have the equipment like thermovision infrared camera, which could speed up inspection process of defects in various types of advanced composite materials and structural parts.


For the Laboratory of Dynamic Testing:


      3.  Testing system for multi-axial loading of structural elements - dynamic loading with temperature chamber and furnace. Multi-axial testing of modern composite materials applied for aerospace and pavement industry are of crucial importance, particularly with the possibility of estimation of temperature from – 700 to + 3000C. The parts of the aircrafts engines, e.g. turbine blades are subjected to high temperature and their testing as for fracture toughness should be performed with furnace (up to 14000C). This new experimental stand will significantly increase testing facilities, with application to EU and regional industry needs.


For the Laboratory of Environmental Effects:


     5. Stress screening system for monitoring of the behaviour of composite materials subjected to thermal loading with variation of the temperature up to 15 degrees/min. The system will be used for testing of structural elements applied in the aerospace and pavement industry. The system will be used together with the newly developed ARAMIS system in order to monitor defects growth under quick temperature changes. Other option is possibility to perform thermal fatigue test. The system  will significantly increase experimental capacities of the CMCM. 


    6. Corrosion chamber will allow for: salt spray test, corrosion climate alternating test and walk-in salt spray test. The chamber will be used for testing of layered materials for pavements. However, aircraft parts are also influenced to different corrosive environments (e.g. condensed water test with SO2), what could be investigated as for life time prediction of the structural parts or advanced materials investigated within the project CEMCAST.


    7. Temperature shock chamber – the main purpose of the thermal shock is to determine the influence of the sudden temperature changes on the composite specimen or structural parts behaviour (e.g. degradation process). Other important result of this test is to estimate the safe operation of the specimen or structural element after sudden temperature changes. The aircraft parts and pavements are subjected to quick temperature variations and therefore tests under temperature shock are necessary to check all composite materials response. It is particularly important for composites used in the aerospace and road engineering, where security of passengers should be guaranteed.



WP 6 Cooperation with SMEs and industry



In order to strengthen co-operation with the regional industry the representative of the CMCM  will co-operate with the representatives of the local government (Mayor of Lublin is the Memeber of the International Advisory Board) within Regional Operational Programme Lubelskie in the activity: No 1:  Entrepreneurship and Innovations and No 4 : Transport (Structural Funds). The co-operation with the regional industry will be activated by arrangement of meeting with international partners of the CEMCAST project to transfer knowledge and to look for involvement of the Lubelskie viovodeship industry and SMEs as partners in FP7 consortia.


The following tasks are planned:    


Task 6.1  Lectures and seminars given by twinning partners for the local industry staff


Task 6.2 Meetings with the local industry representatives leading to preparation of joint projects at regional (structural funds) and European (FP7) levels


Task 6.3 Presentation given by the representative of INASCO on on the involvement of SMEs in the preparation of joint projects at European level (FP-7). The focus will be on European Policies for the promotion of SMEs and the experience of other European regions. Aeronautics, Space and Materials sectors will be specially considered.


WP 7 Dissemination and promotional activities



The following activities are planned:


 - preparation of the web site of the project with information concerning the Centre’s activities.
 - preparation and publishing of a brochure in English about the CMCM activities
 - preparation of the poster about CEMCAST
 - the Centre’s researchers will publish scientific articles and write reviews and book chapters. Copies of all publications each year will be collected in a bound form
 - the CMCM will cooperate with media (TV, radio, press interviews) to become more visible to the public and to promote and popularise research in composite materials
 - popularisation of the Centre’s achievements during national science events like “Science Festival” and “Open days” to enable visits in laboratories to help to understand the importance of research carried out in the Centre and its role in improving quality of life
 - participation in workshops aimed at dissemination of projects results 
 - promotional activity at the international level will be arranged by INASCO and will comprise promotion and dissemination of the results of the project at the international level that could create the possibility to participate in research FP7 projects as a partner or at subcontractor level. Activities will include presentation of project results and partner skills at dissemination activities of projects that are coordinated by INASCO or in project where INASCO is participating. A permanent CEMCAST web page at INASCO’s web site will be created.



WP 8 Management



The main tasks of management are:


  •  - to ensure that all objectives are reached in time by regular review of project’s deliverables, milestones in each WP by their Leaders
  •  - to monitor progress of the project through periodic reporting – annual reports will be send to WPs Leaders
  •  - to control proper and effective use of financial resources
  •  - to create an ad-hoc problems solving group to identify and overcome any problems that may arise during the project
  •  - to organise project’s meetings (monthly, twice a year, yearly) to facilitate effective communication among participating researchers
  •  - to provide EC with the required information concerning project implementation and use of funds
  •  - to coordinate smooth implementation process of all WPs (content-related and administrative)
  •  - to organise meetings of the International Advisory Board
  •  - to contact “Project Officer”, twinning institutions and representatives of regional industry and authorities

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